Weblog by shuuji3

Happy Software Engineering

How to pretty print XML document?

jq for JSON, yq for YAML and XML

When I want to see the beautifully formatted JSON string in a terminal, I usually use the popular jq command line tool.

How about XML documentation? We can use the yq command line tool, which is the jq-equivalent tool for YAML format, to reformat it. Thanks to the author, the yq supports not only YAML format but also XML format.

XML -> YAML output

So we can simply convert the XML format to the YAML for evaluation like this:

> curl https://example.com/@admin@example.com/rss/ | yq -p=xml
  +version: "2.0"
  +xmlns:atom: http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom
    title: admin
      - https://example.com/@admin/
      - +href: https://example.com/@admin@example.com/rss/
        +rel: self
    description: Public posts from @admin@example.com
    language: en-us
    lastBuildDate: Sun, 12 Dec 2022 14:00:00 +0000
      - title: 'admin@example.com #1'
        link: https://example.com/@admin/posts/1/
        description: "<p>Hello, takahē RSS!</p>"
        pubDate: Sun, 12 Dec 2022 14:00:00 +0000
        guid: https://example.com/@admin/posts/1/

XML -> XML output

Or, if you want to see in the XML format, you can specify -o=xml option to output as XML format:

> curl https://example.com/@admin@example.com/rss/ | yq -p=xml -o=xml
<rss version="2.0" xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom">
    <link href="https://example.com/@admin@example.com/rss/" rel="self"></link>
    <description>Public posts from @admin@example.com</description>
    <lastBuildDate>Sun, 12 Dec 2022 14:00:00 +0000</lastBuildDate>
      <title>admin@example.com #1</title>
      <description>&lt;p&gt;Hello, takahē RSS!&lt;/p&gt;</description>
      <pubDate>Sun, 12 Dec 2022 14:00:00 +0000</pubDate>